Thanks for the breakdown. It will put weight back on those old rundown cows unreal too. If hays cannot be mixed properly, it is better to feed the low-nitrate hay first. This is a little different; it’s a legume, rather than grass. 6.4 . Feeding livestock moldy hay can lead to various health issues for livestock and farmers. Do not feed to pregnant animals – may cause abortions, weak calves, and reduced milk production. Pea Straw . Generally safe for non-pregnant livestock. Heavily pregnant cows cannot eat as much as dry or newly pregnant animals. With free choice min. Alfalfa hay is an economical protein supplement for cows in late pregnancy or after calving. The main dietary fiber that oat milk has is beta-glucan. Alfalfa Hay. Oat hay is a reasonable forage for mature horses. Types of Hay. Management issues for feeding hay with sweet clover Horses may experience respiratory or digestive issues. Acute symptoms and death. Even if you have your very own cow at home and you’ve been drinking raw milk for years, skip it for the next few months. For pregnant cows and heifers, nitrate levels below 1,000 ppm are considered safe. If you will be feeding cane, millet, or oat hay to your cows this winter, University of Nebraska’s Bruce Anderson says to be cautions so high nitrate levels won’t kill your cows or cause abortions. (October 6, 2015) A. It is made from oats and, depending on the stage of maturity at harvest, the hay may be a very good source of digestible energy; however, if it was very mature at harvest and most of the grain has shattered and is gone, the feeding value will be reduced. 48. The cow is still producing enough milk for him to take all he needs and then some. The type of straw used is primarily wheat straw, but oat, barley and triticale straws are also common. Hay containing greater than 10 parts per million of dicoumarol should be fed with caution. Moldy hay also puts ranchers at risk. Oat Straw: 4.5 : 48: 0.26 : 0.10: Flax Straw: 5.4 : 43 : 0.26 : 0.08: Pea Straw: 6.4 : 48: 0.60 : 0.19: During cold periods the energy component of the ration needs to increase approximately 15-20% as the ambient temperature drops to -20 to - 25 0C. Oat Hay is good if harvested without rain and timely. Once the oat blooms, this hay no longer contains any nutritional value for a rabbit. The oats are planted in the spring of the year and cut and harvested for hay in the early summer. 0.10. This mass is lost the day the calf is born. of gain in an average sized cow. 2 years ago. Potential for early-term abortions or reduced breeding performance. Also, unwashed root crops that an animal eats can become a cause of the disease. In the last trimester of pregnancy, the cow’s nutrient requirements also increase significantly. Moving a cow from hay to fresh grass must be done gradually to avoid digestive upsets. Oat hay and Barley are a great alternative feed and I tell you what we swear by them when it get's cold all animals do well on it. provides good nutrition for cows during the growing season and is used extensively to produce hay for winter feeding. There needs to be caution when feeding high nitrate forage to They need enough feed to gain weight equal to the weight of the calf and calf bed. Oat hay analysis - Atascadero hay and feed.com. 48. Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) is established from seed. Next to pasture, good quality hay is the most ideal feed. Additionally, the stalks can be thick so some horses won’t eat it because of texture. 5. 1130-2260 Limit feed to 25-50 percent of ration for non-pregnant livestock. Cutting at the milky dough stage is the best compromise between high yield and high quality (Malik et al., 2011). 0.26 . By Steve Barnhart, Department of Agronomy Oats have been an important crop in Iowa. This hay is made up of oat grass, which is harvested before blooming. Barley hay is suitable as an alternative forage for horses. and 10 lb.of oat hay.On that diet,his cows gained weight,increasing 1-1 1 ⁄ 2 body condition scores (BCS) in 60-70 days. Anderson explains that nitrates occur naturally in all forages. Cows are the owners of many parasites.Due to intoxication of the body with the products of helminthic activity, diarrhea can occur. This is interesting. She explains that while cow’s milk is healthy for many people, it may not be as good for the environment since raising cows requires a lot of land, and cows themselves produce methane gas. For growing and finishing cattle, including an ionophore will help reduce overconsumption and acidosis. was it baled without being rained on? Cows in good condition in the fall do not need to gain actual body weight. The best candidates for straw feeding are mature dry cows in good body condition, up to six weeks away from calving. we stoped feeding our pregnant cows grain this year, only a protein lick (16%) and hay. Many other milk options are well-fortified with vitamins and also tasty. The two factors most affecting hay quality is 1.) Pregnant cows may experience abortion. Oats tend to show a little more protein than orchard grass. Oat Hay. If you are keeping the young cows (the ones that will be first and second calvers) separate from the main herd, they can be supplemented with protein, if needed, without having to supplement the whole herd. Oat hay is the base of our hay program, we plant in October and bale in April. Oat Straw. These animals have the lowest nutritional requirements of any in the herd. All cattle are susceptible, but younger cattle seem to be more susceptible than mature cows. 0.19 During cold periods, the energy component of the ration needs to increase approximately 15-20% as the ambient temperature drops to -20 to –25 ºC. Since oat straw is also the highest in energy content, it is the best choice for cow rations, followed by barley straw. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. It’s important to avoid illness right now. Reading Time: 7 minutes B y H eather S mith T homas. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. Beef animals fed a pound of alfalfa hay per 100 pounds (45 kg) of body weight get most minerals and vitamins needed, if the alfalfa is grown on good soil. This usually amounts to 150 to 180 lb. The high fiber content in oat milk could prevent constipation during pregnancy. D uring winter, drought or any other times that animals do not have adequate pasture, hay is the mainstay of diet for cattle. It might also help control food cravings, monitor sugar levels in the blood, and help in transporting oxygen to the cells. In addition to being a favored spring-planted companion or cover crop for forage seedings, they have historically been harvested as a cash grain crop. Anderson recommends that feeding moldy hay should be minimized as much as possible to the more sensitive animals like horses and pregnant cows. Oat hay bailed in the boot stage is hot enough that you can't feed it free choice to horses. It tested on the high side of what is acceptable for level of nitrates to be fed to pregnant cows. This oat hay produces a high protein feed suitable for cattle, horses and sheep. Flax Straw. Oat hay is also quite high in sugar, so it is not a good option for insulin resistant horses. Crude Protein min 7.00%; Crude Fat min 1.50%; Crude Fiber max 32.00%; Moisture max 15.00%; Barley Hay. He was also 4 days late. 0.08. Oat grass. Less of that around though. Soon after they finish, follow with the high-nitrate hay. 0.26 . In addition to limiting the level of wheat fed, feeding with other grains such as corn, coarse processing, adapting cattle slowly and good bunk management have been shown to be helpful when utilizing wheat in the ration. Oat hay is often mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa production. Second, lactose-intolerant women don’t need to start drinking milk during pregnancy. Haybet barley is the best but belford will do as well just a little heavier in stem. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. At low levels, nitrates either are converted into microbial protein by bacteria in the rumen or they are excreted. Older cattle eat more per unit body weight than younger cattle. Oat hay. 43 . The good news is that we are fortunate that due to all the rains in 2007, there is still lots of hay available in our area at reasonable prices. Alfalfa hay is usually fed to larger animals. Food intolerance occurs when a new feed is introduced into the livestock diet. Similarly, rolling out hay or using bale processors for separate low- and high-nitrate hays can lead to some animals preferring the high-nitrate hay or to boss cows eating most of one type of hay and timid cows only getting the less palatable hay. In the last trimester of pregnancy the cows nutrient requirements also increase significantly. >2260 Do not feed. If you are considering purchasing this type of hay, it can be tested for nitrate content. Can I still feed this to my cows? The oat crop is grown specifically for hay instead of harvested for grain. 5.4 . Rain is good but can leave you with moldy hay. These straws are typically chopped prior to feeding and fed at a low inclusion rate in total mixed rations (TMR). Cereal grain crops (especially oats) can make good hay when cut while still green and growing, rather than waiting for the seed heads to mature for grain. On oats we grew well over 30 tons of Magnum and I like that variety. Usage has been primarily in dry and transition cow diets and replacement heifer diets, but there is some usage even in diets for lactating cows. Alfalfa has a high level of calcium, important for young cattle and lactating cows. In addition to health risk for livestock, farmers that inhale moldy hay may contract farmer’s lung. For example, almond milk is good than raw milk in pregnancy. Oat hay is a harvested forage or feed of stalks, leaves and heads from oat crop rather from grass or alfalfa. 4.5 . Pregnant cows may abort or give birth to stillborn calves if they are consuming moldy sweet clover hay. It can be used as bedding, though. Producer Question from 2015 Q. I have some sorghum sudan hay and oat hay that I tested for nitrates. Feed with nitrate levels less than 1,500 ppm are considered safe for other classes of cattle. Weigh some bales and have a test on it and the junk hay, then you can figure where to go with it. Oat milk. Mold spores can cause “farmer’s lung,” which results in the fungus growing in the lung tissue if it has been inhaled. "Horses love it because there is a surprise in almost every bite," Goodnight said. 0.60 . our first calf was 82 lbs and he was up and nursing while he was still wet with all the vigor that you could handle. Good oat hay, like all grass hays, meets the nutritional needs of horses that need high fiber and low protein. Limit use to 50 percent of ration for bred animals. Good grass hay that’s cut while green and growing can have a higher protein content than legume hay cut late. Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (containing grass and a legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). In this region, oats are dry-farmed for use as a cattle and horse feed. Add to Favorites . This means that moldy hay may be unavoidable at times. Was it harvested early in the season?and 2.) There are numerous varieties of bermudagrass, both seeded (common, Cheyenne, Wrangler) and hybrid (Tifton 85, Coastal, Jiggs, etc.). In recent years, as market demands and cropping systems have changed, oats are more often being harvested as hay or silage for livestock. When oat forage is intended for hay, the level of N fertilizer should not be too high as excess N increases stem fibre levels (ADF and NDF) and decreases water soluble carbohydrates. There is always some risk of nitrate poisoning, however, if cereal grain hays are harvested after a spurt of growth following a drought period. Protein requirements for pregnant cows increase during later stages of gestation, and are even higher for young cows. Do you have any suggestions for feeding high nitrate forage? 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