Fir, Rocky Mt. The Western Red Cedar is also quite long-lived, with some members of the species living more than 900 years. It's not recommended that you plant red cedar in your landscape if you are already cultivating any of these fruit trees. It costs less and has a lighter natural color making it easier to stain. However, the good news is one can prevent knots with thorough inspection. White cedar fences typically last longer than red cedar fences do, often as much as 10 years longer. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. The answer will depend on your application, the look you're trying to achieve, and your project's size. Gene Wengert, technical advisor © 2020 A-1 Fence Company Inc. All Rights Reserved. Beams in barns would not be made of cedar, but stronger woods such as ash, oak and maple. Cedar, depending on the type of cedar used, can have a yellow, red, or white appearance in color. Both red and white cedar are used for siding materials, but there are differences between the two species. Versatility: It can be used to make a project more contemporary or traditional, depending on the project's design and the character of the wood. In addition, in areas like Milwaukee, Wauwatosa, Cedarburg, Mequon, Glendale and Menomonee Falls white cedar is simply the more environmentally friendly choice because it’s local. This chart compares the average cost of Western Red Cedar vs. Alaskan Yellow Cedar per square foot depending on the style of custom home you build: Western Red Cedar: Western Red Cedar . Red Cedar is a larger tree than White Cedar. The wood is light weight (21 lbs per cu ft or 335 kg/cu m) and so is weaker than red cedar by a considerable amount. Due to the environment that it grows in, it does not have the opportunity to build up a resistance to rot and decay. Eastern white shingles can be painted in any color you desire, as they absorb paint very easily. The bark was used to make blankets, clothing, baskets and rope, and the logs were used for canoes, masks, community longhouses and intricate totem poles. The Great Debate Red vs. White Cedar. It is also one of the longest-living North American softwood trees. Northern white-cedar is a slow growing native North American boreal tree with the scientific name Thuja occidentalis. Then, a report is generated that documents the data gathered and suggests a course of action to correct the deficiencies. White Cedar also contains much less of the natural acidic tannins that help to preserve western red cedar and make it rot resistant even when it gets wet. Used on residences and commercial buildings around the world, cedar roofing is available in shingles, shakes and hip and ridge unit formats. However, white cedar’s oils are stronger. Its sapwood is nearly white, its heartwood fragrant reddish or pinkish brown to dull brown. Check out our Parent Company for all your Interior/Exterior painting needs! Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar. Thermal (R-Value) White Cedar provides great insulation, with a higher R value of 1.41/inch it is one of the most insulating woods. Please note: your comment may need to be approved before it is published. Cedar Tree Identification. Western red cedar, the cedar we are going to focus on in this article, unless stained a different color, naturally has a yellow undertone. Northern white cedar resists decay and insect infestation like its western red cousin, making it similarly suitable for outdoor projects, such as shingles, posts, and decking. Both woods are nice because they aren’t prone to splintering and cracking. It’s true that red cedar is a little stronger and less prone to knotting. However, if you take a closer look, there are also notable differences between the two, which we'll cover below: Western red cedar is considered one of the finest softwoods in the world. Western red cedar is commonly used for shakes and shingles where its natural appearance makes the building feel warmer and more welcoming. However, eastern white cedar is still strong enough to meet the needs of most construction projects. Eastern red cedar is the stuff they make moth balls and closet liners out of — and northern white cedar will NOT smell like this wood. Any way you slice it red cedar and white cedar are wonderful materials for constructing fences, or anything else that you might ever want to build outdoors. • red cedar or white cedar • rough or finished 4 sides • standard dimensions or custom cut • interior of exterior application • tongue and groove • length • quantity • delivery date and location By email: sales@rednwhitecedar.ca : PEOPLE ARE SAYING The best part of the service was the simple phone quote, and then no hassle, free delivery in only a few days. White cedar will not last quite as long as western red cedar. The overall size of an Eastern White Cedar tree is much smaller on average yielding a greater portion of the tree to sapwood. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar. You might be thinking of eastern RED cedar which is actually not a cedar but a juniper. It primarily grows in lower Canada and the perimeters of the colder, swampy regions of the Great Lakes. Red cedar does well in most soils, including clays, but will not grow in over-irrigated or continuously moist areas. For every cedar tree removed it is replaced! Our milled boards are a quarter inch thicker than most competitors! Cedar is a stable wood fence material, that does not warp, shrink or check. It's more of a darker white. The Pressures on Treated Wood - Recent studies & alternative materials deliver some hard knocks It's a little softer than eastern red cedar, and it's more brittle. Our highly experienced roof inspectors will cover your entire roof to identify and photograph all deficiencies they observe and document their findings. We’re a little bias towards white cedar and our customers love the cedar fences we build! After all, they have a lot in common: both have that pleasant aroma we associate with closets and attics, both have a similar face grain and both are valued in exterior and interior building for their exceptional durability and decay resistance. If it is Eastern Red Cedar I would avoid it as this is the one that has the pungent smell (often associated w/ “Cedar Closets” and “Cedar Chests”), it reminds me of a hamster cage smell. The main differences between white cedar and red cedar are in terms of durability and strength. White cedar fencing lasts longer than red cedar fencing. It doesn’t have to be shipped in from the West Coast like red cedar does. It smells like a cedar, though. Red cedar shingles are another option for roofing purposes. To find out more about our company and what we can build for you, contact us or call us for a free estimate (262) 251-6766! Western red cedar, the cedar we are going to focus on in this article, unless stained a different color, naturally has a yellow undertone. When building a custom home, its very important to select the best wood species for your project in order to maximize overall durability, while minimizing cost. Other common names: Arborvitae, Cedar, Eastern Arborvitae, Eastern Thuja, Northern White Cedar French names: Thuya occidental Family: Cypress Family (Cupressaceae) Distinctive features: Tree, Shrub Similar species: • Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) - similar only in name, different appearance. For instance, if you live on the West Coast and would like eastern white cedar, which only grows in the East, then the wood will have to be transported a long distance. Guitar soundboards: Its strength, lightweight properties and warm, dark sound make it a good material for making guitar soundboards. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar fence. The wood is finely textured, lightweight and makes for an efficient material when it comes to building. If you're planning to install cedar roofing or siding, western red and eastern white will often be the two options available to you. The outer bark was used for roofing materials due to its water-repellent properties. Dawn Hammon. Northern white cedar also called swamp cedar is an evergreen species of conifers found in eastern Canada and many places in the United States. CEDAR ROOF COATINGS, llc. Western red cedar has a bit more strength than white cedar and is less likely to knot. It is our goal to help you save as much money as possible by maintaining the roof you have — and giving you the curb appeal that your home deserves. In addition to its healing capabilities, eastern white cedar has a lower density than other types of cedar and does a good job in environments where it's exposed to soil and water. Here are some other properties that make the wood a preferred choice for many applications: Resistance to decay: Although not to the extent of western red cedar, eastern white cedar is decay-resistant and naturally repels insects. Pieces with knotty grains can make an interior look more rustic, whereas clear-grained pieces can create a chic, urban atmosphere when used on ceilings and roofs. Both can take oils, paints, and coatings with ease, giving you enormous versatility when it comes to decoration and protection for your fence investment. Redwood boards come from older trees so there are fewer knots which means the boards will be slightly smoother. With a color range including reds, ambers, browns and golds, cedar is a naturally beautiful roofing material that provides many practical benefits as well. However, it is small and shrubby, at least in the midwest. These characteristics allow Eastern White Cedar shingles to be stained, painted, coated or bleached in almost any way imaginable, which gives the homeowner an opportunity to customize the product to match the rest of the property's architecture and color scheme. A tinted stain may be used for either. Yellow pine earns an 870, while cedar comes in at an even 900. The western red cedar was valued by local indigenous tribes for millennia and used for many purposes. The Eastern Red Cedar is much shorter overall than the Western Red Cedar, typically being between 16 to 66 feet tall (5 to 20 m) with a trunk between 12 to 39 inches (30 to 100 cm) in diameter. This page contains articles with very compeling information. The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. The Janka scale ranks all wood for hardness, with a higher number correlating with a harder wood. This species can grow to enormous heights, with some trees reaching heights of 200 feet and diameters of 13 feet. Installing Fences in the Milwaukee, WI Area for 35 Years! Its inner heartwood is mostly pale brown but has occasional red tones. The Janka scale ranks all wood for hardness, with a higher number correlating with a harder wood. This means that white cedar tends to have more knots than red cedar, since the knots form where side branches come out of the trunk. 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