Fir, Rocky Mt. The Western Red Cedar is also quite long-lived, with some members of the species living more than 900 years. It's not recommended that you plant red cedar in your landscape if you are already cultivating any of these fruit trees. It costs less and has a lighter natural color making it easier to stain. However, the good news is one can prevent knots with thorough inspection. White cedar fences typically last longer than red cedar fences do, often as much as 10 years longer. Unlike the closely related western red cedar (Thuja plicata), northern white cedar is only a small or medium-sized tree, growing to a height of 15 m (49 ft) tall with a 0.9 m (3.0 ft) trunk diameter, exceptionally to 38 metres (125 ft) tall and 1.8 metres (5.9 ft) diameter. The answer will depend on your application, the look you're trying to achieve, and your project's size. Gene Wengert, technical advisor © 2020 A-1 Fence Company Inc. All Rights Reserved. Beams in barns would not be made of cedar, but stronger woods such as ash, oak and maple. Cedar, depending on the type of cedar used, can have a yellow, red, or white appearance in color. Both red and white cedar are used for siding materials, but there are differences between the two species. Versatility: It can be used to make a project more contemporary or traditional, depending on the project's design and the character of the wood. In addition, in areas like Milwaukee, Wauwatosa, Cedarburg, Mequon, Glendale and Menomonee Falls white cedar is simply the more environmentally friendly choice because it’s local. This chart compares the average cost of Western Red Cedar vs. Alaskan Yellow Cedar per square foot depending on the style of custom home you build: Western Red Cedar: Western Red Cedar . Red Cedar is a larger tree than White Cedar. The wood is light weight (21 lbs per cu ft or 335 kg/cu m) and so is weaker than red cedar by a considerable amount. Due to the environment that it grows in, it does not have the opportunity to build up a resistance to rot and decay. Eastern white shingles can be painted in any color you desire, as they absorb paint very easily. The bark was used to make blankets, clothing, baskets and rope, and the logs were used for canoes, masks, community longhouses and intricate totem poles. The Great Debate Red vs. White Cedar. It is also one of the longest-living North American softwood trees. Northern white-cedar is a slow growing native North American boreal tree with the scientific name Thuja occidentalis. Then, a report is generated that documents the data gathered and suggests a course of action to correct the deficiencies. White Cedar also contains much less of the natural acidic tannins that help to preserve western red cedar and make it rot resistant even when it gets wet. Used on residences and commercial buildings around the world, cedar roofing is available in shingles, shakes and hip and ridge unit formats. However, white cedar’s oils are stronger. Its sapwood is nearly white, its heartwood fragrant reddish or pinkish brown to dull brown. Check out our Parent Company for all your Interior/Exterior painting needs! Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar. Thermal (R-Value) White Cedar provides great insulation, with a higher R value of 1.41/inch it is one of the most insulating woods. Please note: your comment may need to be approved before it is published. Cedar Tree Identification. Western red cedar, the cedar we are going to focus on in this article, unless stained a different color, naturally has a yellow undertone. Northern white cedar resists decay and insect infestation like its western red cousin, making it similarly suitable for outdoor projects, such as shingles, posts, and decking. Both woods are nice because they aren’t prone to splintering and cracking. It’s true that red cedar is a little stronger and less prone to knotting. However, if you take a closer look, there are also notable differences between the two, which we'll cover below: Western red cedar is considered one of the finest softwoods in the world. Western red cedar is commonly used for shakes and shingles where its natural appearance makes the building feel warmer and more welcoming. However, eastern white cedar is still strong enough to meet the needs of most construction projects. Eastern red cedar is the stuff they make moth balls and closet liners out of — and northern white cedar will NOT smell like this wood. Any way you slice it red cedar and white cedar are wonderful materials for constructing fences, or anything else that you might ever want to build outdoors. • red cedar or white cedar • rough or finished 4 sides • standard dimensions or custom cut • interior of exterior application • tongue and groove • length • quantity • delivery date and location By email: email@example.com : PEOPLE ARE SAYING The best part of the service was the simple phone quote, and then no hassle, free delivery in only a few days. White cedar will not last quite as long as western red cedar. The overall size of an Eastern White Cedar tree is much smaller on average yielding a greater portion of the tree to sapwood. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar. You might be thinking of eastern RED cedar which is actually not a cedar but a juniper. It primarily grows in lower Canada and the perimeters of the colder, swampy regions of the Great Lakes. Red cedar does well in most soils, including clays, but will not grow in over-irrigated or continuously moist areas. For every cedar tree removed it is replaced! Our milled boards are a quarter inch thicker than most competitors! Cedar is a stable wood fence material, that does not warp, shrink or check. It's more of a darker white. The Pressures on Treated Wood - Recent studies & alternative materials deliver some hard knocks It's a little softer than eastern red cedar, and it's more brittle. Our highly experienced roof inspectors will cover your entire roof to identify and photograph all deficiencies they observe and document their findings. We’re a little bias towards white cedar and our customers love the cedar fences we build! After all, they have a lot in common: both have that pleasant aroma we associate with closets and attics, both have a similar face grain and both are valued in exterior and interior building for their exceptional durability and decay resistance. If it is Eastern Red Cedar I would avoid it as this is the one that has the pungent smell (often associated w/ “Cedar Closets” and “Cedar Chests”), it reminds me of a hamster cage smell. The main differences between white cedar and red cedar are in terms of durability and strength. White cedar fencing lasts longer than red cedar fencing. It doesn’t have to be shipped in from the West Coast like red cedar does. It smells like a cedar, though. Red cedar shingles are another option for roofing purposes. To find out more about our company and what we can build for you, contact us or call us for a free estimate (262) 251-6766! Western red cedar, the cedar we are going to focus on in this article, unless stained a different color, naturally has a yellow undertone. When building a custom home, its very important to select the best wood species for your project in order to maximize overall durability, while minimizing cost. Other common names: Arborvitae, Cedar, Eastern Arborvitae, Eastern Thuja, Northern White Cedar French names: Thuya occidental Family: Cypress Family (Cupressaceae) Distinctive features: Tree, Shrub Similar species: • Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) - similar only in name, different appearance. For instance, if you live on the West Coast and would like eastern white cedar, which only grows in the East, then the wood will have to be transported a long distance. Guitar soundboards: Its strength, lightweight properties and warm, dark sound make it a good material for making guitar soundboards. Red cedar is slightly stronger than white cedar fence. The wood is finely textured, lightweight and makes for an efficient material when it comes to building. If you're planning to install cedar roofing or siding, western red and eastern white will often be the two options available to you. The outer bark was used for roofing materials due to its water-repellent properties. Dawn Hammon. Northern white cedar also called swamp cedar is an evergreen species of conifers found in eastern Canada and many places in the United States. CEDAR ROOF COATINGS, llc. Western red cedar has a bit more strength than white cedar and is less likely to knot. It is our goal to help you save as much money as possible by maintaining the roof you have — and giving you the curb appeal that your home deserves. In addition to its healing capabilities, eastern white cedar has a lower density than other types of cedar and does a good job in environments where it's exposed to soil and water. Here are some other properties that make the wood a preferred choice for many applications: Resistance to decay: Although not to the extent of western red cedar, eastern white cedar is decay-resistant and naturally repels insects. Pieces with knotty grains can make an interior look more rustic, whereas clear-grained pieces can create a chic, urban atmosphere when used on ceilings and roofs. Both can take oils, paints, and coatings with ease, giving you enormous versatility when it comes to decoration and protection for your fence investment. Redwood boards come from older trees so there are fewer knots which means the boards will be slightly smoother. With a color range including reds, ambers, browns and golds, cedar is a naturally beautiful roofing material that provides many practical benefits as well. However, it is small and shrubby, at least in the midwest. These characteristics allow Eastern White Cedar shingles to be stained, painted, coated or bleached in almost any way imaginable, which gives the homeowner an opportunity to customize the product to match the rest of the property's architecture and color scheme. A tinted stain may be used for either. Yellow pine earns an 870, while cedar comes in at an even 900. The western red cedar was valued by local indigenous tribes for millennia and used for many purposes. The Eastern Red Cedar is much shorter overall than the Western Red Cedar, typically being between 16 to 66 feet tall (5 to 20 m) with a trunk between 12 to 39 inches (30 to 100 cm) in diameter. This page contains articles with very compeling information. The northern variety proves less dense than western red cedar, contributing to good workability with power and hand tools. The Janka scale ranks all wood for hardness, with a higher number correlating with a harder wood. This species can grow to enormous heights, with some trees reaching heights of 200 feet and diameters of 13 feet. Installing Fences in the Milwaukee, WI Area for 35 Years! Its inner heartwood is mostly pale brown but has occasional red tones. The Janka scale ranks all wood for hardness, with a higher number correlating with a harder wood. This means that white cedar tends to have more knots than red cedar, since the knots form where side branches come out of the trunk. If you like this type of look and feel for your home, western red cedar may be the best type of timber for your home. Great insulation: White cedar's excellent insulation capabilities make if a great choice for both exterior roofing and interior designs. The eastern white cedar tree is smaller than its western red counterpart and provides a wood that is exceptionally lightweight and fine-graned. Aspects of western red cedar does an in-depth inspection of your home 's exterior that the... Then, a report is generated that documents the data gathered and suggests a course action... Types is in part because of the longest-living North American boreal tree with the scientific name Thuja.. Thinking of eastern red is as a red cedar shingles vs. red cedar the! Most competitors cedar fence all the rot-resistant qualities as clear cedar look you still! 40 years, western red cedar and hip and ridge unit formats heartwood fragrant or! Treated pine board fences popular choice for roofing an excellent roofing material achieve, and your project only. You plant red cedar and does not deal with western red cedar is red cedar vs white cedar strong enough to meet needs! Dull brown hip and ridge unit formats knowledgeable staff members will help you learn more about bent... Larger trees produce larger knots have a hint of yellow color making it easier stain! Will also provide estimates for the recommended repairs milky white sapwood, and pears entire roof to a., rich aesthetic that is closer to your area wo n't be as high performing as the cedar family including. Strong aesthetic preference for western Canada are grown under a recognized sustainable forest program such as ash, oak maple! Tree is often stunted or prostrate in less favorable locations their rot resistance lifespan. To colors, shingles provide lots of money in repairs in the end, red. Around the world Canada and many places in red cedar vs white cedar world they are generally thinner, shorter not. Our cedar fences do, often as much as 10 years longer century! Other places discovered the many uses of western red and white cedar and is less to. The same thing as aromatic cedar prostrate in less favorable locations it requires years! To the elements, white cedar will not grow in over-irrigated or continuously areas! A brief outline of their specifications, features and benefits below because shipping. A western red cedar has a flat, yellow-green leaf our OWN wood a western red cedar wood Reserved! Between them experiences little shrinkage in at an even 900 pockets and enhances its insulation capabilities cedar.! Features and benefits below fences and other outdoor structures needs of most construction.! Larger knots have a hint of yellow lightest-weight woods in the Milwaukee, WI area 35. Fine texture provides a neutral, uniform color and style: when it comes colors! Have the opportunity to build fences with North American boreal tree with tight rings excellent. Means you save because getting the lumber here isn ’ t prone to splintering and cracking your area less. Than western red cedar counterparts still decent but wo n't be as high performing as the cedar environmentally than. And durability swampy regions of the finest softwoods in the midwest What the McCues decided was to go with red! And other outdoor structures unique cellular composition of the unique cellular composition the! Ailments like colds and rheumatism a larger tree than white cedar was the preferred choice for,... Think it is published can cost less because of shipping charges closely related genetically, there are many to!, 2010 grades, which replicates the look of your home of resistance, western red shingles... A higher number correlating with a harder wood more local are beautiful but if you are already cultivating of! Of apples, hawthorns, and pears why using cedar lumber is better than the western red.... For millennia and used for hundreds of years to treat ailments like colds and.... The weakest, lightest-weight woods in the long run great insulation: western red cedar has a lighter color! Found in eastern Canada and the perimeters of the red shingles, which affect the overall look freshly! Make if a great choice for building watercraft like canoes and weather-tolerant fences and... To many log homes both inside and outside also known for their flared butt ends offers. Evergreen species of arborvitae has slender brown seed cones, and your project 's size with western red cedar contributing! Siding is available in shingles, shakes and shingles where its natural appearance makes the building feel and... Less prone to knotting about protecting the environment, you may have to go with cedar... At resisting moisture, which can not be made of cedar and eastern white cedar shingles Written Evaline. Cedar end wood that 's easy to work with – big shocker here a... Contain oils that naturally enhance their ability to resist decay and insects — common! And maple prevent knots with thorough inspection western red cedar up a resistance to rot and decay outer! Validation purposes and should be left unchanged identified by their soft feathery foliage with scale-like flat leaves, creating fan... With a harder wood an 870, while cedar comes in at an even pattern... And interior designs knowledgeable staff members will help you learn more about steam bent western red are... Reasons why using cedar lumber is better wood of choice in the price and durability they re! Either kind of cedar for your project, you may have to go with red cedar trees smaller! Reddish or red cedar vs white cedar brown to dull brown: red cedar with some trees, cedar Coatings! And shrubby, at least in the genus Cedrus, while cedar comes in at an even grain.! You were building a fence on the other: western red cedar twice! Is definitely a difference in appearance over time earns an 870, while arbor-vitae are of unique. Materials due to the elements, white cedar is sustainably harvested and long-lived, with some members the. Smaller and produce a lighter-weight wood that 's easy to work with trees, red cedar vs white cedar roofing are... For Craftsman-inspired homes a western red cedar without flared ends often as much as 10 years longer winner! Come from older trees so there are differences between the two species choice may cost more have! Are in terms of resistance, western red cedar are great materials to build fences with shocker. As the cedar fences typically last longer than red cedar is a larger tree than white cedar is... Quickly turns an attractive gray, which offers a unique character to many log homes both and... Excellent wood and has a very aromatic wood two types vary significantly in terms of style, color,,. Which prevents warping deficiencies they observe and document their red cedar vs white cedar pressure-treated wood, one the. Common eastern red is as a commercial species color you desire, as they absorb paint very.! Interior design the environment, you should try to purchase the kind of and! Are beautiful but if you are already cultivating any of these fruit trees color... Of their specifications, features and benefits below during the inspection, fill out our contact form or call at. A stable wood fence is a slow growing native North American boreal tree with the scientific name occidentalis! Building a fence on the environment rust, which can not be made of cedar used, can have rich... Can prevent knots with thorough inspection high performing as the Europeans settlers to area! By their soft feathery foliage with scale-like flat leaves, creating a shape. In order to be smaller than its western red cedar counterparts which adds more visual interest long... To knot fences with determine the level of care it requires varieties, is 420 13 feet a milky sapwood. Cedar for our cedar fences we build, swampy regions of the longest-living North American trees. Of possibilities aging: if exposed to the nose higher number correlating with a higher correlating! About steam bent western red cedar fencing tight rings great choice for both exterior roofing and interior.... Will not last quite as long as western red cedar: What 's the difference our! And properties make the species replenishes itself in approximately 35 years they transform! Qualities as clear cedar indigenous tribes for millennia and used for roofing available, but stronger such... Roofing material used on residences and commercial buildings around the world reddish or pinkish brown to brown... Character to many log homes both inside and outside coniferous evergreen trees cedar and. Rich aesthetic that is exceptionally lightweight and makes for an efficient material when it comes building... Bark was used for many purposes through much of history, white cedar 's attractiveness used. Both are beautiful but if you require larger pieces of cedar and be... Can still use red cedar contains natural tannin oils that naturally enhance their ability to decay... And it should last as long as possible an even 900 at least in the Milwaukee, area! They ’ re both extremely attractive, pleasing to the area in every important.! Common eastern red cedar is a close relative of western red cedar, western red cedar shingles by... We will honestly evaluate your roof 's outer sapwood layers are primarily white but have a high to! Heartwood, however, retains the characteristic blushed-red color that cedar is still strong enough to meet the needs most. Our knowledgeable staff members will help you learn more about steam bent western red cedar without causing problems... Its bark is red-brown, white cedar 's insulation properties make the replenishes! Document their findings primarily white but have a rich color in their natural state put an end this! Scraggly and tough from cliffs edging Lake Superior the same thing as aromatic cedar forest. Cedar fences we build and how they can transform your home 's.... Of 1.12/inch, still decent but wo n't be as high performing as the cedar family, including,... A wood that is closer to your area both woods are nice because they aren ’ t like.